Download PDF by Janet M. Powers,Marica Prozo: Circles on the Mountain: Bosnian Women in the Twenty-First

By Janet M. Powers,Marica Prozo

This e-book combines scholarly examine with first-person interviews to check the present nation of ladies in Bosnia two decades after the Balkan War—their emotional restoration, their financial scenario, and their clients for the long run. It describes how of the worst matters affecting Bosnian ladies this present day are household violence and trafficking. either are being addressed effectively via Bosnian women’s organisations using talents built previous in dealing with rape and conflict trauma. It demonstrates how those organisations shoulder a societal load that a number of degrees of presidency don't have any will or funds to deal with, and indicates that during components of crucial Bosnia emotions nonetheless run excessive among Christians and Muslims. The authors argue that the place ethnic hostility persists in rural components, winning peace construction may still contain ethnic tune and dance in addition to conversation groups.

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Download PDF by Birk Grüling: Doping in der DDR. Sportlerinnen als Opfer (German Edition)

By Birk Grüling

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2008 im Fachbereich Geschichte Europa - Deutschland - Nachkriegszeit, Kalter Krieg, observe: keine, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover (Historisches Seminar), Sprache: Deutsch, summary: In meiner Hausarbeit stelle ich drei Biographien von DDR-Sportlerinnen dar. Ziel ist die Auseinandersetzung mit den Folgen des systematischen Staatsdoping anhand der Darstellung und einem Vergleich der drei Sport-Karrieren in der DDR.

Gegenwärtig ist Doping - wegen der journey de France und der Olympiade in Peking - das Top-Thema in allen Medien. Die journey de France hat dieses Jahr - mit den zahlreichen überführten Fahrern - endgültig die Glaubwürdigkeit verloren. Selbst Sympathieträger wie Stefan Schuhmacher haben EPO genommen. Die überragenden Leistungen der Läufer und Schwimmer - mit geradezu maschinenhafter Konstanz – erzeugen mehr Skepsis als unbeschwerte Begeisterung.

Ähnlich dem Formel-I-Spektakel, wo talentierte Fahrer die Entwicklungen der Automobilindustrie zum Sieg fahren, erscheint mancher konstant und souverän siegende Athlet als Gladiator der Pharma-Industrie.
Das systematische Doping hat culture; und das zu Recht gescholtene Sportsystem in China hat ein Vorbild, das uns in Deutschland näher ist, als es uns lieb sein kann. Die Sportförderung der DDR gilt noch heute als vorbildlich und wird immer noch positiv gesehen. Die Sichtweise erstreckt sich über den Spott bezüglich des extrem männlichen Aussehen der Sportlerinnen bis hin zur Glorifizierung des platforms. Grund dieser Fehleinschätzung ist wohl, dass die Dopingvergangenheit der DDR nur unzureichend aufgearbeitet wurde; was once an der nur spärlich verfügbaren Literatur zu diesem unrühmlichen Thema zu belegen ist und im krassen Gegensatz zur Aufarbeitung der restlichen DDR-Geschichte steht. Und auch die beliebten Ostalgie–Shows auf den Privatsendern schweigen dieses Thema sorgsam aus. Das Doping in der DDR hat mit erschütternden Schicksalen zu tun.

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Download PDF by John Julius Norwich: Sicily: A Short History, from the Greeks to Cosa Nostra

By John Julius Norwich

'Sicily is the main to every thing' Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

The writer of the vintage publication on Venice turns his points of interest to Sicily during this attractive publication jam-packed with maps and color photographs.

'I came across Sicily nearly by way of mistake . . .We drove so far as Naples, then positioned the auto at the evening ferry to Palermo. there has been a level of pleasure within the early hours after we handed Stromboli, emitting a wealthy glow each half-minute or so like an ogre puffing on an incredible cigar; and some hours later, within the early morning sunshine, we sailed into the Conca d'Oro, the Golden Shell, during which town lies. except the wonderful thing about the atmosphere, I take into account being immediately struck via a metamorphosis in surroundings. The Strait of Messina is barely a number of miles throughout and the island is politically a part of Italy; but in some way one feels that one has entered a distinct global . . . This e-book is, between different issues, an try and examine why this could be.'

The stepping stone among Europe and Africa, the gateway among the East and the West, right away a stronghold, clearing-house and statement submit, Sicily has been invaded and fought over via Phoenicians and Greeks, Carthaginians and Romans, Goths and Byzantines, Arabs and Normans, Germans, Spaniards and the French for millions of years. It has belonged to all of them - and but has accurately been a part of none.

John Julius Norwich used to be encouraged to develop into a author via his first stopover at in 1961 and this ebook is the results of a fascination that has lasted over part a century. In tracing its darkish tale, he makes an attempt to provide an explanation for the enigma that lies on the middle of the Mediterranean's biggest island.

This vibrant brief historical past covers every little thing from erupting volcanoes to the assassination of Byzantine emperors, from Nelson's affair with Emma Hamilton to Garibaldi and the increase of the Mafia. Taking within the key structures and cities, and jam-packed with interesting tales and unforgettable characters, Sicily is the booklet he was once born to write.

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Read e-book online Stars, Stones and Scholars : The Decipherment of the PDF

By Andis Kaulins

The airtight culture claims "As above, so below". Did the ancients suggest that actually? Stars, Stones and students exhibits that many historical megalithic websites aren't tombs, yet are remnants of historical neighborhood, local and even perhaps better Neolithic surveys of the Earth by means of Stone Age astronomy, with significant stones being put as immovable survey markers. Circa forty photos, 240 drawings and eighty maps exhibit how megaliths have been carved and "sculpted" with figures and cupmarks (holes within the stones) to symbolize stars and constellations, lengthy prior to the trendy astrological Zodiac used to be identified. Megalithic websites from England (Stonehenge), Wales (Paviland), Scotland (Clava Cairns), eire (Newgrange, Knowth), Germany (Externsteine), Benelux (Weris), France (Carnac), Italy (La Spezia), Malta (Tarxien), Greece, Turkey (Anatolia), Scandinavia (Tanum), the Baltic, Russia, the close to East, the a ways East (China and Japan), Africa, crucial and South the US (Tikal, Maya, Aztecs), Oceania (Hawaii), america (Cahokia, Miami Circle, Clovis) and Canada (Peterborough Petroglyphs) are incorporated during this interesting book.

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Conquerors: How Portugal seized the Indian Ocean and forged by Roger Crowley PDF

By Roger Crowley

As impressive as Columbus and the conquistador expeditions, the heritage of Portuguese exploration is now nearly forgotten. yet Portugal's navigators cracked the code of the Atlantic winds, introduced the day trip of Vasco da Gama to India and beat the Spanish to the spice kingdoms of the East - then set approximately developing the 1st long-range maritime empire. In an brilliant blitz of thirty years, a handful of visionary and completely ruthless empire developers, with few assets yet breathtaking ambition, tried to grab the Indian Ocean, smash Islam and take keep an eye on of global trade.

Told with Roger Crowley's commonplace ability and verve, this is often narrative historical past at its such a lot bright - a epic story of navigation, alternate and expertise, funds and non secular zealotry, political international relations and espionage, sea battles and shipwrecks, persistence, braveness and terrifying brutality. Drawing on vast first-hand bills, it brings to lifestyles the exploits of an impressive band of conquerors - males resembling Afonso de Albuquerque, the 1st ecu given that Alexander the good to came upon an Asian empire - who set in movement years of ecu colonisation and unleashed the forces of globalisation.

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R. John Rath's The Provisional Austrian Regime in Lombardy–Venetia, PDF

By R. John Rath

When Austrian infantrymen first set foot in Lombardy-Venetia in October, 1813, they have been greeted all over as liberators and associates. within the spring of 1815, whilst Joachim Murat's efforts to set up a united Italy resulted in depressing failure and whilst the Habsburgs introduced the most positive factors of the regime they meant to set up of their Italian provinces, the Venetians have been nonetheless strongly pro-Austrian, yet enormous anti-Habsburg feeling had constructed one of the Lombards.

This conscientiously documented research of the 1st years of Austrian reoccupation of Lombardy-Venetia examines all facets of the Habsburg provisional regimes and attracts a few conclusions in regards to the purposes for the several attitudes within the provinces. In certain sketches of the provisional governments of Venetia (Chapter I) and Lombardy (Chapter II) and an exam of Austrian fiscal regulations and practices in either provinces (Chapter III), the writer exhibits that even supposing the governments of the 2 provinces shared many universal features, they differed in a few major methods. really, Venetia used to be less successfully ruled than Lombardy; and the Lombards loved at the least a small degree of self-administration that used to be principally denied the Venetians. The Lombards have been even more wealthy than their friends, but they paid less in taxes and have been exempt from lots of the burdensome army requisitions that the Austrians inflicted at the Venetians. inspite of those merits, the rather small nationalist move in Austria's Italian provinces was once nearly completely restrained to Lombardy.

The writer examines public opinion in Lombardy-Venetia approximately liberal intrigues (Chapter IV); the connection of mystery societies to liberalism (Chapter V); the Brescian-Milanese conspiracy (Chapter VI) and the Austrian dealing with of that affair (Chapter VII); and the fiasco of Joachim Murat's "War of Italian Independence" (Chapter VIII).

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Download PDF by Daniel Brewer: The Cambridge Companion to the French Enlightenment

By Daniel Brewer

The Enlightenment has lengthy been noticeable as synonymous with the beginnings of recent Western highbrow and political tradition. As a suite of principles and a social circulate, this ancient second, the 'age of cause' of the 17th and eighteenth century, is marked by means of makes an attempt to put wisdom on new foundations. The Cambridge spouse to the French Enlightenment brings jointly essays by means of prime students representing disciplines starting from philosophy, faith and literature, to artwork, drugs, anthropology and structure, to examine the French Enlightenment. each one essay offers a concise view of a major element of the French Enlightenment, discussing its defining features, inner dynamics and historic changes. The spouse discusses the main influential reinterpretations of the Enlightenment that experience taken position over the last twenty years, reinterpretations that either replicate and feature contributed to special re-evaluations of got rules in regards to the Enlightenment and the early sleek interval extra generally.

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Get Witchcraft and Inquisition in Early Modern Venice PDF

By Seitz

In early glossy Europe, rules approximately nature, God, demons and occult forces have been inextricably hooked up and masses ink and blood was once spilled in arguments over the features and limits of nature and the supernatural. Seitz makes use of documents of Inquisition witchcraft trials in Venice to discover how participants throughout society, from servants to aristocrats, understood those basic different types. Others have tested this factor from the issues of view of spiritual historical past, the historical past of technology and drugs, or the background of witchcraft on my own, yet this paintings brings those sub-fields jointly to light up comprehensively the complicated forces shaping early sleek beliefs.

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Read e-book online Negotiating the French Pox in Early Modern Germany (The PDF

By Claudia Stein

This ebook explores the id of the 'French sickness' (alias the 'French pox' or 'Morbus Gallicus') within the German Imperial urban of Augsburg among 1495 and 1630. Rejecting the imposition of recent conceptions of ailment upon the prior, it unearths how early glossy clinical idea facilitated huge, immense flexibility in defining sickness, and the way affliction identity used to be an area topic, and certainly one of consistent negotiation and renegotiation. Drawing on a wealth of basic resource fabric this paintings combines challenge with the conceptualisation of the illness with its sensible software, and argues for the inseparability of either. It specializes in how theoretical figuring out of the pox formed a few of the healing reactions, and vice versa. It exemplifies this within the particular socio-cultural context of 16th- and seventeenth-century Augsburg, via an research of the city's municipal and personal pox hospitals. Combining clinical, spiritual, monetary, municipal and institutional background this booklet deals a desirable perception into how early sleek society got here to phrases with ailment either in a realistic and theoretical feel. This revised English translation of Dr Stein's unique German publication provides new layers of knowing to a desirable yet advanced subject.

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