By Kenneth Maxwell
By Janet M. Powers,Marica Prozo
By Birk Grüling
Gegenwärtig ist Doping - wegen der journey de France und der Olympiade in Peking - das Top-Thema in allen Medien. Die journey de France hat dieses Jahr - mit den zahlreichen überführten Fahrern - endgültig die Glaubwürdigkeit verloren. Selbst Sympathieträger wie Stefan Schuhmacher haben EPO genommen. Die überragenden Leistungen der Läufer und Schwimmer - mit geradezu maschinenhafter Konstanz – erzeugen mehr Skepsis als unbeschwerte Begeisterung.
Ähnlich dem Formel-I-Spektakel, wo talentierte Fahrer die Entwicklungen der Automobilindustrie zum Sieg fahren, erscheint mancher konstant und souverän siegende Athlet als Gladiator der Pharma-Industrie.
Das systematische Doping hat culture; und das zu Recht gescholtene Sportsystem in China hat ein Vorbild, das uns in Deutschland näher ist, als es uns lieb sein kann. Die Sportförderung der DDR gilt noch heute als vorbildlich und wird immer noch positiv gesehen. Die Sichtweise erstreckt sich über den Spott bezüglich des extrem männlichen Aussehen der Sportlerinnen bis hin zur Glorifizierung des platforms. Grund dieser Fehleinschätzung ist wohl, dass die Dopingvergangenheit der DDR nur unzureichend aufgearbeitet wurde; was once an der nur spärlich verfügbaren Literatur zu diesem unrühmlichen Thema zu belegen ist und im krassen Gegensatz zur Aufarbeitung der restlichen DDR-Geschichte steht. Und auch die beliebten Ostalgie–Shows auf den Privatsendern schweigen dieses Thema sorgsam aus. Das Doping in der DDR hat mit erschütternden Schicksalen zu tun.
By John Julius Norwich
'Sicily is the main to every thing' Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
The writer of the vintage publication on Venice turns his points of interest to Sicily during this attractive publication jam-packed with maps and color photographs.
'I came across Sicily nearly by way of mistake . . .We drove so far as Naples, then positioned the auto at the evening ferry to Palermo. there has been a level of pleasure within the early hours after we handed Stromboli, emitting a wealthy glow each half-minute or so like an ogre puffing on an incredible cigar; and some hours later, within the early morning sunshine, we sailed into the Conca d'Oro, the Golden Shell, during which town lies. except the wonderful thing about the atmosphere, I take into account being immediately struck via a metamorphosis in surroundings. The Strait of Messina is barely a number of miles throughout and the island is politically a part of Italy; but in some way one feels that one has entered a distinct global . . . This e-book is, between different issues, an try and examine why this could be.'
The stepping stone among Europe and Africa, the gateway among the East and the West, right away a stronghold, clearing-house and statement submit, Sicily has been invaded and fought over via Phoenicians and Greeks, Carthaginians and Romans, Goths and Byzantines, Arabs and Normans, Germans, Spaniards and the French for millions of years. It has belonged to all of them - and but has accurately been a part of none.
John Julius Norwich used to be encouraged to develop into a author via his first stopover at in 1961 and this ebook is the results of a fascination that has lasted over part a century. In tracing its darkish tale, he makes an attempt to provide an explanation for the enigma that lies on the middle of the Mediterranean's biggest island.
This vibrant brief historical past covers every little thing from erupting volcanoes to the assassination of Byzantine emperors, from Nelson's affair with Emma Hamilton to Garibaldi and the increase of the Mafia. Taking within the key structures and cities, and jam-packed with interesting tales and unforgettable characters, Sicily is the booklet he was once born to write.
By Andis Kaulins
By Roger Crowley
As impressive as Columbus and the conquistador expeditions, the heritage of Portuguese exploration is now nearly forgotten. yet Portugal's navigators cracked the code of the Atlantic winds, introduced the day trip of Vasco da Gama to India and beat the Spanish to the spice kingdoms of the East - then set approximately developing the 1st long-range maritime empire. In an brilliant blitz of thirty years, a handful of visionary and completely ruthless empire developers, with few assets yet breathtaking ambition, tried to grab the Indian Ocean, smash Islam and take keep an eye on of global trade.
Told with Roger Crowley's commonplace ability and verve, this is often narrative historical past at its such a lot bright - a epic story of navigation, alternate and expertise, funds and non secular zealotry, political international relations and espionage, sea battles and shipwrecks, persistence, braveness and terrifying brutality. Drawing on vast first-hand bills, it brings to lifestyles the exploits of an impressive band of conquerors - males resembling Afonso de Albuquerque, the 1st ecu given that Alexander the good to came upon an Asian empire - who set in movement years of ecu colonisation and unleashed the forces of globalisation.
By R. John Rath
When Austrian infantrymen first set foot in Lombardy-Venetia in October, 1813, they have been greeted all over as liberators and associates. within the spring of 1815, whilst Joachim Murat's efforts to set up a united Italy resulted in depressing failure and whilst the Habsburgs introduced the most positive factors of the regime they meant to set up of their Italian provinces, the Venetians have been nonetheless strongly pro-Austrian, yet enormous anti-Habsburg feeling had constructed one of the Lombards.
This conscientiously documented research of the 1st years of Austrian reoccupation of Lombardy-Venetia examines all facets of the Habsburg provisional regimes and attracts a few conclusions in regards to the purposes for the several attitudes within the provinces. In certain sketches of the provisional governments of Venetia (Chapter I) and Lombardy (Chapter II) and an exam of Austrian fiscal regulations and practices in either provinces (Chapter III), the writer exhibits that even supposing the governments of the 2 provinces shared many universal features, they differed in a few major methods. really, Venetia used to be less successfully ruled than Lombardy; and the Lombards loved at the least a small degree of self-administration that used to be principally denied the Venetians. The Lombards have been even more wealthy than their friends, but they paid less in taxes and have been exempt from lots of the burdensome army requisitions that the Austrians inflicted at the Venetians. inspite of those merits, the rather small nationalist move in Austria's Italian provinces was once nearly completely restrained to Lombardy.
The writer examines public opinion in Lombardy-Venetia approximately liberal intrigues (Chapter IV); the connection of mystery societies to liberalism (Chapter V); the Brescian-Milanese conspiracy (Chapter VI) and the Austrian dealing with of that affair (Chapter VII); and the fiasco of Joachim Murat's "War of Italian Independence" (Chapter VIII).
By Daniel Brewer
By Claudia Stein